Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Back on my feet, etc.

Back on my feet Backseat driver Back to the drawing board Bad egg Bad mouth

Monday, September 15, 2008

Osteology Class

I prepared for this report. Well it was only 4 hours thinking things will run fine. A big mistake. If there is one realization that I made today, that would be not to rely on cramming. Cramming sucks and only fools rush in. Duh, it sounds like a line in that old familiar song. But honestly, I swear I would never do this again. After what happened with my reporting. I think it wasn't even half of a reporting. It was more of asking. Imagine I was asking my classmates for the facts about my report as I need to identify certain parts of the pelvis.

Yes, my report is all about pelvis. The pelvic girdle. What do I know about the pelvis? Well, let me see. The pelvis is composed of the coxa. Before the coxa is formed, it is first separated into three parts, the innominate bones: the ilium, pubis and ischium. The left and right coxae are attached to the sacrum through the... (I'm hanging, I don't know what comes next!) Apparently, there are many osteological terms that I still need to work on and until then shall I make a good presentation in this class which I badly needed if I am to pass the course this semester. My life depends on this. So I need to work harder.

Now I'm thinking of becoming more serious with all my classes. With the combined power of technology, I can exercise my learning potential. I have always been the experential learner and I need to know at firsthand how things work so I can understand them. Thus, I am going to make blogs for all my important subjects this semester which include:

BC 100 - Introduction to Broadcasting
CR120 - Quantitative Research
Anthro 198 - Osteology
CR 130 - (already exists) Qualitative Research
CR 197 - Communication Campaign Evaluation

It's time to get serious. Really, really serious. Despite all these frustration, there is somethig good that happened today I feel so elated.

After the class in Anthro 198, the Osteology class; after blowing off my report in this class, my professor talked to me and asked me whether I am a medical student. I asked why and he said I seemed to learn fast in the class. I was so surprised because all along I thought I just kept disappointing the professor with my lousy performance in exams and recitations. I felt so happy that he thinks of me this way. I know I can be better in this class and although I only have less than a month to ace the class still I give it my best shot.

By the way, mom told me today that my bank account in BPI already closed. Damn it, it was just a month that I've had a below maintaining balance and still it closed. Now I have to go through all the trouble of opening a new account. Meaning, new papers and ID and all these stuff that make me want to curse the system. But what can I do? It already happened, I just have to live with it.

My Winning Piece in a Speech Contest

Simple Steps
(How to become successful in your academic career)

It’s 3 am. My head is getting dizzy. My hand is shaking and I’m getting nervous. The exams are 5 hours away and I know I’m not prepared. Dawn comes, a rooster cocks and the city springs to life. I dash to my classroom to take that dreaded exam. Faced with a blank paper, I keep telling myself, ‘I know the answers… but why can’t I remember them.’ I didn’t sleep the entire night for this and still I can’t recall the right answers. Then someone suddenly stands, confidently hands in his paper and peacefully walks out of the room. That was the smartest in the class. In the middle of my struggle I wondered how he could be that smart.

Today, allow me to discuss how to become successful in one’s academic career. I will start by pointing out that success is determined not so much by fate, but by the right attitude. Then I will move on to three essential things which constitute this attitude namely- wise use of time, discipline, and humility.

For some, academic career is no career at all. Academics is nothing but part of a stage where a student should pass and forget after going through it. No wonder success becomes as fictitious concept as talking tigers in Korean mythology. Thus, many a student would pride himself with average to passing grades when he can have more. Well becoming successful in one's academic career need not be too complicated nor should it require an IQ on par with Einstein's or Aristotle’s. Becoming successful is a matter of having the right attitude.

Furthermore, let me give three things which I think comprise a right attitude- wise use of time, discipline, and humility.

First, we all know how important time is. Messing with time puts a student through all the hassles imaginable. But handling time carefully and using it as an ally rather than a foe gives the student that much chance to become successful. Punctuality in attending class, submitting requirements on time and meeting deadlines create bliss. Planning ahead for examinations also helps so as to avoid the infamous cramming most soju-lover students adhere to. At the end, the student will be surprised how easy it is to top in his classes and yet have sufficient time for leisure.

Next, discipline. Discipline is another factor that spells out the difference. Isn’t it a wonder how Egyptians built their pyramids, how Plato wrote the Republic, or how Edmund Hillary reached Mt. Everest’s summit? These men all lived in different times but have one thing in common- Discipline. Academic career may or may not be as tough as building pyramids but for sure, there will be times when quitting becomes a tempting path. Discipline to read assigned books little by little until reaching the end; Discipline to memorize lines during free time; And discipline to stay awake at night until scheduled tasks are done give a student easier retention of facts.

Finally, humility. We must admit that we are not genius. Some may be but I bet most of us are average. However, being average does not mean being mediocre. If we admit our inadequacy then we can fill that up. That is to say that, as students we should learn from our professors, classmates, friends, family and all the people around us. If a professor points a mistake, do not be disheartened. Instead feel fortunate because you realize where you should focus more. By doing so, success becomes easier to achieve.

Today I have presented to you the simple steps of becoming successful in one’s academic career. Again, it is the presence of the right attitude that opens doors to success. The wise use of time, discipline and humility are three essential things which define a right attitude. Having all these can amazingly change all things. Only then would I no longer have to stay awake at 3 am knowing that come my exams’ day, I can be that boy who suddenly stood from his chair, confidently handed in his paper and peacefully walked out of that room.

g




Small dots

There was a time in my life when I would look up in the sky whenever I would hear that familiar whizzing sound of an airplane in the air. I was seven or eight and I would never fail to imagine how it must feel to be inside that little moving dot in the sky. Then I would tell myself that a time will come when I wouldn’t have to imagine at all. I promised myself that I will ride one of those moving dots, go outside the Philippines and finally live my fantasy. At 22, I finally had the chance to be inside one of those dots, but this time, it wasn’t a dot anymore but a huge piece of metal in full scale staring at me straight in the eyes.

Start of a long journey

I was chosen by the College of Communication over at UP Diliman to be one of the exchange students in South Korea for ten months. At first I was reluctant to accept the opportunity because I was weighing so many things in mind. I have to spare two semesters for the exchange program meaning I would be delayed for my graduation. I also had to shell out a big amount of money to shoulder the expenses of the program especially the airfare which at that time, I had no idea where to get. I kept on asking myself whether my accepting the exchange program was right or not. I was both nervous and excited. My parents didn’t like the idea of me leaving but there was a part of me that says opportunity like this comes once in a blue moon so better not waste my chance. I understand my parents because they also don’t have the financial capacity to send me off to another country. Determined, I really made an effort to exhaust all possible resources and to this I owe Kalilayan my deepest gratitude because some of the alumni financially supported me with this endeavor and I can never thank them enough for letting live a dream. Up to now, I still can’t believe how I manage to raise enough funds to go to South Korea. It was truly unbelievable and extraordinary. Now I know that the saying is true, if there’s a will then there is definitely a way; a life’s lesson I am living at the moment.

This trip abroad was so new to me that when I was processing my documents, there was always that fear at the back of my mind that scares me, “what if my passport application suddenly gets lost in the pile of all other applications?”, “what if my visa application gets denied?”, “what if my ticket reservation has some problems?”, and so many other what if’s. I was so scared to death I swear. I mean I have made so much effort and already sacrificed my current semester and part-time job that to fail would really break my heart. Fortunately, there weren’t much glitch with my documents. I was able to obtain the necessary papers in time for my flight.

Anyway, I arrived at the Centennial Airport at ten in the evening as my flight was at twelve midnight. It was really my first time to see the airport. Sometimes when my aunt who is working is Kuwait would arrive, I would come with my parents to pick her up. When I finally bid my parents goodbye, I thought I would cry like what I see in movies when a member of the family leaves. But in m case, I just didn’t see the need for tears. I’ll just be gone for ten months and it is not very long. So I just bid my parents goodbye and went inside the terminal to check in. Inside was so amazing. It was my second time to see the inside of the terminal. The first time was when I went to Cebu to participate in the National Students’ Press Conference. But I was with my classmates and a teacher back then. This time, I was alone and I am not going anywhere in the country, but South Korea. My mother always reminds me that going to Korea is not like going around the Philippines because I won’t be able to contact them if ever I have problems. Well, I was scared but because I was so determined and eager to go to another country, I didn’t let fear conquer me. I conquered fear.

At the airport, I felt so helpless as I am so naïve with all the airport roundabouts. It was even scarier because some old woman approached me and asked me to carry some package for her saying that inside were mangoes. Common sense tells me that at situations like this, I should never trust strangers so I really made an excuse to refuse. At first she was so persistent saying that because I look like a student, the customs officials would not suspect me of bringing anything illegal. But the moment she told all this, I was even more scared. But I had to maintain my composure and look as if I wasn’t affected. Until I found a way to get out of the sticky situation. How relieved I was when I finally got rid of the old woman.

Since this is my first international flight, I wanted to see how the world looks like from up there. Before, I was just looking at these small dots from below, now I’ll be able to see things the other way. For this reason, I chose a seat near the window. But much to my horror, I didn’t realize that my flight was at night so I didn’t see anything except darkness. To make matters worse, when the plane was gaining altitude, my ears started aching like crazy. For a time I thought my ear drums were going to explode. It was so painful I had to keep on swallowing to release the air accumulating inside my ears. In order to forget the pain, I just slept, I tried hard. But the flight was four hours so whenever I wake up, my ears would be so stuffed with ear, I couldn’t hear well anymore. I couldn’t even hear the stewardess when she asks me what food I want.

Upon my arrival at Incheon, South Korea I was so impressed with the grandeur and beauty of its airport. I still couldn’t believe that I was there. It was really awesome with all its state of the art facilities and everywhere I look I see Koreans. I however had to wait for two hours for my contact person to arrive and finally take me to my host university. While waiting, I tried to look around and see what other things the airport has to offer. It was so clean there, and the area was so spacious. There were cafes inside and everyone kept on walking hither and thither. When my contact person arrived, that’s the time I finally believed that I was indeed in Korea. And that my dream was no longer a dream anymore.

The Philippines in restrospect

During my whole ten-month stay in South Korea, I have observed so many interesting things that amazed me. It’s really wonderful to live in another country because you get to realize all sorts of things you would never imagine when you just stay in your own country. Let me start a number of observations I have made with what else but Korean people. We have so many impressions of Koreans, some may even be negative. But coming from experience, you realize how unfair your bad impressions can be unless you become part of their culture. This is the reason why I am in the position to say that prejudice is disparaging. From the ten months that I stayed in South Korea, I’ve learned to love Koreans and embrace their culture. They are interesting people. Their view of the world is totally different from ours. Perhaps it will be helpful to note that fifty years ago, Korea as a country used to be one of the poorest countries in the world. But things have changed, the wheel has turned and they are now becoming one of the strongest countries following the leads of Japan and the United States. When you think about it, you won’t help but wonder how they managed to do so, to turn the tables. Korea is not rich in resources. It has a relatively small population. But the biggest question of all is how it is able to rise from poverty?

My Korean friends tell me that the Philippines has so much potential. But with all its richness in terms of natural resources and work force, it is disquieting to see how in the last five decades, instead of developing, our has become home to economic instability and tremendous poverty. And whenever my Korean friends ask me what happened to the Philippines, I just couldn’t exactly answer them. The reason being is that I don’t really know the answer. I keep on pretending that I am positive about my country. I keep telling them that time willl come when things will change for Filipinos. But deep inside, there is that undeniable truth that the Philippines is slowly becoming hopeless. It is a country slowly becoming divided. To my observation, as I have written in many of my journals, the problem of the Philippines is not the government. The government is just a system, and behind the system are people who run it. Thus, the problem is the people, the values. When you ask a Korean what he wants in the future, chances are, he would tell you a lucrative business, a good status in society and most of all a contribution to his country. I think, most Koreans have a deep sense of national pride. They are Koreans and they are proud of who they are. They are proud because they have a reason to be. They have advanced in major fields of technology such as car manufacturing and computers; the education system has been so imperative that many Korean scientists have become famous abroad; they have excelled in the field of arts and sports evident from their triumphs in world competitions like the Olympics. Now when you look at us, the Filipinos, it is very rare that a citizen of this country would be proud to say that he is a Filipino. More often than not, a native would be proud to be a member of de la Cruz’s family, or a member of Baranggay Mapayapa, etc. The point is, our sense of nationalism, if it exists, is not towards our country but rather towards the groups nearer to us. I have nothing against this, and as I have mentioned earlier, cultures are by nature unique and value-judgments are detrimental. What I am saying is that, we are missing the whole point of being Filipinos. The reason why are all Filipinos is that there is an assumption that we are one. This means that we should move together. What happens in this country is that every region moves on its own accord and there is that unconscious bitterness towards the other outside our territories. This makes me think, do we really hate each other?
Of course we are all different but we should be aware of our responsibility to our country. Now you know why our country is poor. And this is the very answer I don’t want to give to my Korean friends. It’s a shame that we know this, but we keep ignoring it.

Now why do we ignore the root and instead focus on the shoots? Well, my Korean friends also gave me the answer. The Philippines, home to thousands of islands, is also a home to an infuriating pyramid-like economic system. The very rich who have most of the country’s resources remain at the top and keep their riches to themselves. The middle class is bigger than the elites but very small compared to the very poor comprising almost the entire space of the pyramid. Normally, the elites should be supporting the poor and the population of the middle class should be bigger than the elites and the poor. But in our society, where people have grown apathetic either because of hopelessness or self-interest, the struggle to change the pyramid into a diamond has become futile because the elites do not want to share their resources. I am not an economist nor am I a public administrator but this problem doesn’t need an expert to see where we should work on. Unless the elites start changing their attitudes and become more concerned about the development of this country, then that’s the only time that we can slowly move on. But how can we expect them to change the system when they are benefitting so much with the preposterous system.

Another thing that fascinates me about Korea is their world view. It is so different from Filipinos’. I learned from my intercultural communication class that depending on where a country is situated in the continuum of the underdeveloped-developing-developed countries, world view would vary. That while we Filipinos think about what food we would eat for a month, Koreans would think what food would be needed in a year. That what Filipinos think would be a good job to apply for, Koreans would be planning what businesses to venture in. That what Filipinos think would be a good school for their children, Koreans would think what country their children should travel and study in. To me, this is simply remarkable because they are so future oriented while we still deal on the present. Our concept of future is somewhere between five to ten years. Sit in a job interview and the interviewer would ask you this question, “ten years from now, how do you see yourself?” Well, why should we think of just ten years when we can do so much more. We just don’t realize it but we are limiting our infinite capability. I believe that this country can be great again given the right opportunity and a conversion of selfish values.

There was a time in Korea when I was doing my regular exercise and someone came to me and asked, “are you a factory worker here in Korea?” I was astounded because how dare this person mistook me for a factory worker when I come from the best university in the Philippines. Then it dawned on me the present image of Filipinos in Korea. If we are not factory workers, then housewives to Korean farmers who cannot find Korean wives because they are poor. My ego at that time was truly offended. I feel after all, that I am different. But a Filipino would look the same to any foreigner and therefore the distinction is easier said than done. This incident really bothered me for days and that’s when I started asking questions on how Koreans look at Filipinos. And yes, they look down on us. To them, Filipinos, like any other people from Southeast Asia, are no-better than workers and wives. I am so challenged by this stereotyping that I promised myself that I will do my best to make a name in the world and change the stereotype of Filipinos, not just in Korea but also in other parts of the world. That’s why when I was staying in my host university, I really tried to excel in my class so that they might realize that Filipinos can rise above their stereotype. The ocean is big but a single drop can create ripples which I hope would not end up in vain. I wish there will also be others who would take up the challenge of uplifting the Filipino spirit in the world. So going back to the person who approached me, well I just smiled at her and told her, “no, I’m not a factory worker but a student.”

Further taste of South Korea

Other observations that I have made include Koreans’ hospitality, punctuality, hierarchy, patriarchy, discipline, and practicality. Koreans are very hospitable people. Well as far as my experience is concerned, they are. They are very accommodating that they make sure you feel comfortable and at ease. When I meet new friends, they are very warm and they make it a point to really get to know you. Sometimes, getting-to-know moments would extend to lunches and dinners which they pay. To them, it is of utmost importance to buy something for a new friend. This can be in the form of food or gift. When we hang out with some other people, they make sure that I don’t get left out. Although there is a language barrier which makes communication quite daunting and painstaking, they really give an effort just to make sure you understand them. And if I ever needed some help, they make sure I get it even if it takes their time. Well, sometimes I just don’t understand where they get so much patience because if it was here in the Philippines, the only help a visitor can get is if the host would feel like doing it. Otherwise, asking for help would be like crying for the moon. Anyway, whenever I ask for help, I don’t fail to get it no matter how difficult it was. I remember there was a time when I needed to take the bus to go somewhere and I just didn’t know how to get there. It was very early in the morning but my Korean friend really woke up and took me to the bus station, paid for the taxi, and waited until I was able to leave. These simple things make me admire Koreans very much. This brings me to my second point on how conscious Koreans are with the time. At school, whenever we have group meetings, my Korean classmates are always on time. But in UP, if you set an appointment, the members always arrive late which really pisses me off because it stalls progress on the work and waste everything. During events like symposiums or programs, it always starts on time. And buses and trains have fixed time. If a bus or train says that it will leave or arrive at this specific time then you can really count on it. That’s why everything moves fast in Korea. They don’t want to get late. Time to them is one important resource. In the case of hierarchy and courtesy, Koreans are very particular about this. Coming from a Confucian society, people’s ages are very much valued. This is the reason why Koreans who are of different age cannot be friends. Older people are always respected and younger ones are expected to follow the older ones. For this reason, society is maintained. Young people are compelled to give utmost respect by bowing and respect is also reflected in their language. They have special words for their superiors and a different set of words for friends and juniors. Disrespect is highly curbed either by physical means or gossiping. Koreans can be physical. Sometimes they hurt each other but no one gets angry. They can also be physical in terms of being intimate. Men hug each other, women hold hands. They also have the habit of gossiping about other people. They want to know what has happened to a certain person and what he is doing. Or they may ask what a person is doing for the past several days. And as my Korean friend told me, they like talking at someone’s back. In terms of their discipline, most of the people I have seen know how to follow rules. Drivers follow traffic rules and they are friendly to pedestrian. Students follow teachers’ rules diligently as if breaking rules would mean death. Well, I once saw a mother admonishing his son after breaking a rule. Especially in Korea, rules are strictly impplemented. Breaking a law might cause a person to fine or spend some time in the jail. Koreans are also a practical lot. If they can find something cheaper of good quality then they are all for it much like the Filipinos. I think being a developed country doesn’t have to mean not favoring cheap things. In shopping, Koreans favor cheap products because things are really expensive there, twice the price here in the Philippines. Internet shopping is very popular and very reliable although most of the products are made in China and in Korea, they have a joke that if it’s made in China then it won’t last. Even in work, because Koreans spend most of the time in their offices, they don’t have enough time to relax so the only alternative is to drink. Koreans have this drinking culture. From sitting, to eating, to filling glasses, to raising cheers, to drinking, there are certain customs to follow and of course the age always matters. Usually, the oldest person in the group would pay for everything. Dutch pay is not popular in Korea because it is not a good sign of friendship. Koreans also like taking a bath in public bath houses where they can thoroughly clean themselves and enjoy the comfort of the hot water.

I am now back here in the Philippines and how I long I was still in Korea. I really had a great time there and I had so much memories with so many friends I’ve met, so much experiences I’ve gained, and so many lessons I’ve learned. I told myself that I don’t have to be sad because I am going back to Korea after five years. How I will do it, I don’t know. But if there’s a will, then there’s certainly a way.

Random Ranting

I don't know what is happening but for the past few days, I've been feeling so distraught and hopeless. Perhaps this is just an effect of my phone's zero balance state, perhaps not. There is really no telling but things have not been according to my plan.

I stayed in Korea for nine months to study and it is there that I felt that this world is a beautiful world to live in. Who wouldn’t think this way when everything seems to be perfect. Modernity is working hand in hand with nature and I have been so impressed with how Koreans made it possible. You look at one side and you see sky craping buildings and apartments. Then on the other you see green mountains and seemingly clean and clear water. The vehicles do not emit black smoke and people wait in pedestrian lanes until that traffic signal turns go. Employees in offices wear smile and courteous when you talk to them like you can always approach them if ever youu need anything. You can leave your things on that bench to go to the toilet for a moment and come back to realize that no one touched your things. You can also expect schedules to go on as planned and on the dot, like if your bus ticket says you’ll be arriving in Seoul at ten o’clock then you are guaranteed that it will.

Back in Korea, I thought everything is going to be okay once I get back to my own country. That I have planned everything well. I told myself that I am going to find a good job while studying, find time to relax and enjoy life. But things are just the opposite. I feel so poor now, and all I see is nothing but poverty.

Now that I am back to the land I thought I missed, I am living in a room where I can't even find a decent space for my notebook. I can't eat a decent meal when all I have is 900 pesos which I need to budget for an entire week. Considering that I go to my part time job's office spending 50 pesos for transportation within five days, summing it all, eats 250 leaving me 650. And where will 650 take me? I have to sacrifice breakfast because I won't be able to afford lunch and dinner if I follow a healthy diet. I even half to split lunch so that there will be leftover for dinner. As if that's not enough, I have to force myself to walk all the way to school under the heat of the sun, because additional expense for jeepney rides has no room for the meager budget that I have. And what of all those class fees that I have to pay, required articles that I need to photocopy, and written homework that I have to print? Only God knows how I will be able to deal with all these. And it's only with God that I am pulling enough strength to make it through.

As years go by, life becomes more and more difficult. Gone are the days when all I have in school is ten pesos which I can use to buy a meal plus dessert. Jeepney fare is just fifty cents and I still have something to keep. But now, ten pesos is a joke. Give me that amount and it won't even let me get to the nearest destination I would want to go granting that I need to transfer from one vehicle to another. Prices are soaring way above our capacity and for middle class people like me to cry foul, makes me think what more it could be for people poorer than I am.

This state of our country is not an isolated case. All over the globe, many are suffering and sometimes, their predicament is more serious than we are experiencing. African people have no food to eat compounded by deadly diseases that do not meet proper treatment because there exist no sufficient medical institutions. In Laos and Cambodia, people suffer from hunger not because the prices of food is high but because there is no food at all. It is truly sad that we have to suffer like this. But why can't we do something about.

For the love of humanity, why can't we alleviate this ironic stance that we are presently in? I say ironic because our country should not be like this. We are naturally rich with all the untapped resources that we have. All that we need to do is make a move, do some action. Leave the government alone because we cannot depend on them to solve all the problems that we have. If we think about, the main problem that we are facing is not the lack of opportunities but the lack of a proper attitude.

Take Korea as an example. It used to be a poor country. So much poorer than us fifty years ago. During those times, the people also suffered hunger and poverty, exploitation of human rights had been rampant, and social ills like crime and prostitution were ubiquitous. But people started believing that the only way to solve their problem was if they work hard, actually extra harder. So everybody gave out their best, people studied important majors like engineering and business related courses. Everybody drove the economy forward. During those times, Koreans have gone to other countries too as workers but they did their part, helped the economy perhaps by sending money and ultimately went back to live in their own land to do more for their country. And now, look at them- developed and continually pushing forward competing with European and American economies.

Of course, this is not to say that our country is but a dirt in a paved road. We can also do what others have done. Korea has already proven it, why can't we believe in ourselves and move ahead?

Until then, I would have to dance with the music and accept the fact that I only have 900 pesos for the entire week.

Osteology Class

I prepared for this report. Well it was only 4 hours thinking things will run fine. A big mistake. If there is one realization that I made today, that would be not to rely on cramming. Cramming sucks and only fools rush in. Duh, it sounds like a line in that old familiar song. But honestly, I swear I would never do this again. After what happened with my reporting. I think it wasn't even half of a reporting. It was more of asking. Imagine I was asking my classmates for the facts about my report as I need to identify certain parts of the pelvis.

Yes, my report is all about pelvis. The pelvic girdle. What do I know about the pelvis? Well, let me see. The pelvis is composed of the coxa. Before the coxa is formed, it is first separated into three parts, the innominate bones: the ilium, pubis and ischium. The left and right coxae are attached to the sacrum through the... (I'm hanging, I don't know what comes next!) Apparently, there are many osteological terms that I still need to work on and until then shall I make a good presentation in this class which I badly needed if I am to pass the course this semester. My life depends on this. So I need to work harder.

Now I'm thinking of becoming more serious with all my classes. With the combined power of technology, I can exercise my learning potential. I have always been the experential learner and I need to know at firsthand how things work so I can understand them. Thus, I am going to make blogs for all my important subjects this semester which include:

BC 100 - Introduction to Broadcasting
CR120 - Quantitative Research
Anthro 198 - Osteology
CR 130 - (already exists) Qualitative Research
CR 197 - Communication Campaign Evaluation

It's time to get serious. Really, really serious. Despite all these frustration, there is somethig good that happened today I feel so elated.

After the class in Anthro 198, the Osteology class; after blowing off my report in this class, my professor talked to me and asked me whether I am a medical student. I asked why and he said I seemed to learn fast in the class. I was so surprised because all along I thought I just kept disappointing the professor with my lousy performance in exams and recitations. I felt so happy that he thinks of me this way. I know I can be better in this class and although I only have less than a month to ace the class still I give it my best shot.

By the way, mom told me today that my bank account in BPI already closed. Damn it, it was just a month that I've had a below maintaining balance and still it closed. Now I have to go through all the trouble of opening a new account. Meaning, new papers and ID and all these stuff that make me want to curse the system. But what can I do? It already happened, I just have to live with it.

Sunday, September 14, 2008

The Folly of Me

I chanced upon this picture from one of my friends' blog and I kind of a remembered how I made a fool out of myself that night. I participated in a dance number and because there wasn't much rehearsal, the dance number became a stand-up comedy.


I am the one on the right side, the second guy standing. I still had flesh here but now, I've grown so thin. Other people present in the picture are: (From L-R) Jobelle, Faith, Honey, Dea, Karen, and Nico.

Saturday, September 13, 2008

The Same Ol' Sunday

Well, what should I expect from this Sunday?

The neighbors as ever are belting it out as they sing from that stupid videoke at the middle of the day like they are the only ones living in the neighborhood. I just hate it. It would have been useful if they have been a liitle more considerate. Oh boy, now I can't study. With all these noise. It makes me so irritated and vexed. I'm so fed with all this crappiness. I hate it. I simply hate neighbors singing. I wish they would shut up the !@#$ up!

I am not usually like this. Ranting like crazy but I just can't help it. If you were in my position, I bet you would wish you can just burn that videoke machine down so you can think clearly. I simply can't focus. This is maddening.Now, I am forced to flee to a more suitable place to study. I am going to Mini Stop just a few blocks away to escape this. Maybe there I'll be able to finish my homework. As I have unsurmountable amount of homework which by the way involve statistics. If I were a genius then I won't have to burn all those neurons just to do this but nature has not been kind to me. I have to put extra effort to get through all these exercises. Yes I am not a number person and the only way to keep up with my major subject's demands is to really focus, focus and may I say focus. This is really killing me.

I've just consoled myself that only three more semesters and goodbye to all papers and reports. The bigger world is waiting for me. For the meantime, I need to go take a bath, eat a very late lunch and flee from the world of the noise-polluted house.

Wika Ko sa Pelikulang Koreyano: Isang Pagtalakay sa Kung Paano Nakakaapekto ang Pagsasalin ng Wika sa Pelikulang My Sassy Girl


Hindi maikakailang naging bahagi na ng buhay ng mga Pilipino ang panonood ng pelikula. Ang pelikula ang isa sa mga libangan ng mga Pilipino na hindi pwedeng mawala sa atin. Sa katunayan, malaki ang naging gampanin ng pelikula sa ating kultura. Dito sa mga pelikulang ito naipapakita ang mga nangyayari sa ating lipunan. Hindi ba’t panahon pa lamang ng mga Amerikano ay nagsimula ng tangkilikin ng mga Pinoy ang mga pelikulang noo’y sa sinehan lamang ipinapalabas. Ang mga hinangaang artista noon ay pawang mestizo at mestiza na patunay sa hilig ng mga Pilipino sa kagandahang may bahid banyaga. Hanggang sa ngayon naman ay patuloy pa rin ang ganitong sistema. Mas nabibigyan ng pagkakataon ang mga artistang may ibang lahi at ang pisikal na anyo ay yaong hindi talagang Pilipino, kung hindi nakasunod sa mga artista sa ibang bansa gaya ng Amerika. Hindi na siguro natin ito maiaalis sa atin. Matapos ang ilan daang taong pagkaka-ilalim sa mga banyaga ay nagkaroon na tayo ng mababang pagtingin sa sarili nating uri.


Gayunpaman, nagsimula ang mga Pilipino sa panonood ng mga pelikulang gawa ng mga Pilipino. Saksi ang pag-unlad ng LVN at Sampaguita pictures sa bahagi ng kasaysayang ito. Nang lumaon, lumipat ang atensyon ng mga Pilipino sa Hollywood at dito na nagsimula ang pagdagsa ng mga Amerikanong pelikula. Subalit sadyang bilog ang mundo. Nabago ang nakaugalian. Ngayo’y unti-unting napapaling sa mga Asyanong pelikula ang mga Pilipino. Noon pa ma’y naging taga-sunod na ang marami sa mga Tsinong pelikula. Ito ay yaong mga tinatawag na martial art films. Dito natin nakilala sina Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan at Jet Li. Marahil sa pagliit na rin mundo dahil sa mga makabagong kagamitan, ang wika na dati’y balakid sa pag-uugnayan ng mga bansa ay unti-unti na ring nalagpasan. Ngayon, ang mga pelikula sa iba pang mga bansa tulad ng Mexico, Korea, at Japan ay tinatangkilik na rin. Iba pa rito ang mga soap opera na naging bahagi na ng mga telebisyon ng bawat tahanang Pilipino gabi-gabi.

Partikular ang mga pelikulang Koreyano. Isang palaisipan para sa marami kung bakit ba tinatangkilik ang mga pelikulang gawa sa Korea kahit na ito ay gumagamit ng wikang hindi naman naiintindihan. Marami ang posibleng sagot subalit hindi maikakailang ang mga pelikulang Koreyano ay nagtataglay ng mga elementong nauunawaan hindi lamang sa bansang Korea ngunit gayundin sa iba’t ibang bansa. Ito na nga ang mga tema ng pag-ibig na palaging kasama sa mga kwento ng pelikulang Koreyano.

Ang pelikulang My Sassy Girl, na ngayon ay ginawa na ring pelikula sa Hollywood ay hindi naiiba sa mga pelikulang Koreyano. Sentro ng pelikulang ito ang pag-iibigan ng dalawang tao sa di sinasadyang pagkakataon. Nakatutuwang isipin na kahit na Koreyano ang salitang ginamit dito ay tunay namang binigyang pansin pa rin ng mga Pilipino ang pelikula. Salamat sa pagsasalin ng wika na matagal na ring ginagawa sa mga soap opera ay naunawaan ng marami ang pelikula. Ang nakapagtataka nga lamang ay kahit na batid ng mga Pilipino na ito ay mula sa bansang Korea, ay hindi naman ito naging hadlang upang maikabit ang mga karanasan nila sa mga nangyayari sa kwento. At ito nga ay dahil sa wika ginamit sa pelikula, na naunawaan at naging daan upang magkaroon ng kabuluhan ang kwento.

Kalikasan ng pag-aaral
(Background of the study)

Ang pag-aaral na ito ay ginawa upang malaman ang mga bahagi ng kulturang Pilipino na matatagpuan mula sa manuskrito (script) ng pelikulang My Sassy Girl. Ang pag-aaral ay ginawa sa paniniwalang ang wikang ginamit sa pelikulang ito ay sumasalamin sa isang kultura na gumagamit ng wikang iyon. Sa kasong ito, ginamit ang wikang Filipino kung kaya naman mahihinuha na naipakita sa pelikula sa pamamagitan ng wika ang ilang bagay na sa kulturang Pilipino matatagpuan.

Ginawa ang pag-aaral na ito upang makapagdagdag ng kaalaman sa gampanin ng wika sa isang lipunan. Ayon kay Sapir at Whorf (sa Littlejohn, 2002) ang wika ng isang kultura ang nagpapasiya sa kaugalian ng nasabing kultura. Ang mundong ginagalawan ng isang tao ay nabuo sa pamamagitan ng wikang ginagamit ng kanyang grupo. Kaya naman ang lahat ng nararanasan ng isang tao ay base sa interpretasyon ng nakaugaliang wika. Ang paraan ng pag-iisip ng tao at ang paraan ng pagtingin sa mundo ay hinuhubog ng uri ng wikang gamit.

Ganito rin ang haka ni Bernstein (sa Littlejohn, 2002) sa kanyang Elaborated and Restricted Codes. Ayon sa kanya, ang wika ng isang grupo ay sumasalim sa palagay ng grupong iyon. Sa teorya ni Bernstein, malaki ang papel na ginagampanan ng pagkakahati ng tao sa lipunan (class system) sa pagbuo at pagpapanatili ng wika. Samakatwid, ang uri ng wika na gamit ng isang grupo ay epekto ng mga relasyon sa lipunan. Natututunan ng tao sa isang grupo ang kanyang kinalalagyan dahil sa wikang kanyang gamit.
Samakatwid, ipinapakita lamang ng wika ang mga nangyayari sa isang kultura. At gaya nga ng aking nabasa mula sa isang aklat, ang wika nga daw ang tagapagdala ng isang kultura. Kung kaya’t mas lalo’t dapat napag-aralan ang mga isinalin na pelikula na tulad ng My Sassy Girl upang mas lalong makilala natin kung sino nga ba tayo bilang mga Pilipino.

Pagpapahayag ng suliranin
(Statement of the problem)

Paano nailarawan ng wikang ginamit sa pelikulang My Sassy Girl ang lipunang Pilipino?

Mga layunin

Malaman ang naging epekto sa pagsasalin ng wika sa mensahe ng My Sassy Girl.

Mailarawan ang kulturang Pilipino sa pamamagitan ng pag-aaral sa script ng My Sassy Girl.

Mga Suliranin

Ano ang naging epekto ng pagsasalin ng wika sa mensahe ng My Sassy Girl?

Paano nailarawan ng wikang Filipino sa pelikula ang lipunang Pilipino?

Limitasyon

Ang pag-aaral ay ginawa upang mabigyang linaw ang gampanin ng wikang Filipino na ginamit sa pelikulang My Sassy Girl sa paglalarawan ng kulturang Pilipino. Gayunpaman, ang pag-aaral ay hindi ginamitan ng mas lalong kilalang pamamaraan sa larangan ng panlipunang pananaliksik ngunit ginamitan ng isang qualitative na pagsipat sa script ng pelikula. Dahil sa kahirapang maghanap ng script ng pelikula ay kinailangang isulat ito sa pamamagitan ng panunuod ng pelikula. Dahil dito, mapapansin ang kakulangan at kung minsa’y kamalian ng mga salita sa script. Dahil na rin sa maikling panahong inilaan sa paghahanda ng pag-aaral na ito, maaaring hindi naging ganun ka-ekstensibo ang mga bagay na lumabas sa pag-aaral. Gayunpaman, kampante ang tagapagsaliksik na nabigyang katarungan naman ang pagaanalisa at pag-aaral sa pelikulang My Sassy Girl.

Pagsusuri ng mga kaugnay na pag-aaral/panulatan
(Review of Related Literature)

Hindi lamang ang Pilipinas ang napukaw ang atensyon sa mga Asyanong soap opera. Pinaniniwalaang sikat din sa ibang mga bansa tulad ng Hong Kong, Tsina, Singapore, Indonesia at maging sa Hawaii at iba’t bang bansa sa Asya.ang mga Asyanong soap opera lalo’t higit ang mga Koreyanong drama (Cabato, 2004; Wang, 2006; Forrester, 2005).

Ang mga istorya ay simple ngunit iba-iba. Sa kabila nito’y may mga pagkakatulad din sa mga kwento ang mga drama. Karaniwang umiikot ang kwento sa isang babae na mapagtatagumpayan ang maraming pagsubok sa na darating sa buha nito. Sa madaling salita, universal ang tema. Kasama rin madalas sa mga drama kasaysayan ng Korea kung kaya naman ang ga lokasyon at costume ay kinagigiliwan din ng mga manonood (Forrester, 2005; Wang, 2006).

Sapagkat ang mga palabas na galing sa Korea ay sa bansang iyon ginawa, malinaw na ipinapakita ang pagigi nitong isang mayaman na bansa. Ayon pa kay Cervantes (2006), sa mga Koreyanong palabas ay mapapansin ang pagpapahalaga sa pamilya. Sa usapin naman ng kapangyarihan, mas matimbang ang kalalakihan kaysa sa kababaihan. Mapapansing hindi sumasagot ng pabalang o nagtataas ng boses ang mga Koreyano sa nakakatanda sa kanila. Malinaw na mataas ang pagpapahalaga sa mga mas nakatatanda.

Gayunpaman, bagamat ang mga pelikulang Tsino ay tinangkilik na sa Pilipinas sa mahabang panahon, ang popularidad ng mga Tsino at Koreyanong soap opera ay tumaas lamang ng isinalin sa wikang Filipino ang mga ito. Sa pamamagitan ng pagsasalin ng wika, mas maraming Pilipino mula bata hanggang matanda ang nakaunawa sa mga Tsino at Koreyanong palabas (Cabato, 2004).

Maraming kaugnay na usapin sa pagsasalin ng wika. Ayon kina Koolstra, Peeters, at Spinhof (2002) ang pagsasalin (dubbing) ng wika ay nakakaapekto sa mensahe. Una, imposibleng maisalin ang orihinal na teksto ng buong-buo. Sa pagsasalin ng wika, kinakailangan na itama ito sa pagbuka ng bibig ng mga gumaganap sa palabas; ang orihinal na musika ay tinatanggal din at ang mga manunuod ay kailangang makinig upang maunawaan ang pinapanood.

Maraming bagay ang isinasaalang-alang sa pagsasalin ng wika. At base sa pag-aaral nina Koolstra, Peeters, at Spinhof (2002), matapos nilang hatiin sa tatlong kategorya ang mga importanteng puntos sa pagsasalin kabilang dito ang information processing, aesthetics, at learning effects, lumabas na madaling maunawaan ang mga salin na palabas subalit hindi naman ito nangangailangan ng masyadong pag-iisip. Nagkakaroon rin ng pamilyar na pakiramdam ang mga manunuod dahil sariling wika ang gamit ngunit mayroong pag-aalinlangan sa pagkamakatotohanan ng pinapanood sapagkat alam ng manunuod na nagaganap ang drama sa labas ng kanyang kultura. Mas lumalala ang pagdududa ng manonood kapag hindi mahusay ang pagkakasabay ng buka ng bibig at pagsasalita.

Saligan ng pag-aaral
(Study framework)

Ang pag-aaral na ito ay gumagamit ng Pandaigdigang Daloy ng Komunikasyon (International Flow of Communication) ni Mowlana (1985 sa McQuail and Windahl, 1993). Ayon sa modelong ito, ang pandaigdigang komunikasyon ay masalimuot at maraming bagay ang dapat na isaalang-alang sa pag-aanalisa ng mensahe. Sa madali’t sabi, ang mga palabas na ginawa sa ibang bansa at dinala sa ibang mga bansa ay naglalaman ng mga ideya na mula sa bansang pinagmulan ng mga tapos na palabas.

Ang pangkalahatang layunin ng modelo ay mailarawan ang isang pagkakasunod-sunod mula sa pinagmumulan (sender) (1) patungo sa tagatanggap (receiver) (4), na pinamamagitan ng produksyong base sa teknolohiya (2) at (3) ang sistema ng pagpapakalat (distribution). Sa pandaigdigang komunikasyon, ang sitwasyon ay naiiba sa nasyonal na lebel, na ang bawat isa sa apat na baitang ay maaaring spatially, organizationally, at culturally na hiwalay sa iba pang baitang. Ang pinagmumulan sa isang bansa ay maaaring ipasok sa mensahe na ipinapalabas sa ibang bansa.

Madalas ang bahagi ng paggawa ay tinatapos sa isang bansa at ikinakalat naman at tinatanggap sa iba. Sa mga mahihirap na bansa, mayroong malaking pagitan sa mga pinagmumulan (source), produskyon ng mensahe, at sistema ng pagpapakalat sa isang banda at ang mundo ng mga maaaring maging tagatanggap.

Ang mahabang prosesong ito ay pinamamagitan ng aksis ng teknolohiya na nagpapaalala sa atin na bawat antas sa proseso ay nakaasa sa dalawang uri ng pagkasaludhasa; kaugnay ang hardware at software. Ang production hardware ay binubuo ng mga studios, satellite links, home receivers, etc. Production software naman ang mga bagay na may kinalaman sa scripts, karapatan sa pagtatanghal, management, etc. Ang distribution software ay ukol naman sa publisidad at pag-aaral.

Marahil ang pinaka-importanteng puntos ng modelong ito ay ang kalagayan ng napakaraming dependency na madalas ay sangkot sa daloy ng komunikasyon mula mayaman patungong mahirap na bansa. Ang mga mahihirap na bansa ay umaasa sa apat na bahagi ng pagkakasunod sunod at bawat isa sa apat ay maaring pamahalaan ng pinagmulang bansa.

Bagaman mapapansing hindi malalim ang pagtukoy sa mga bagay na nakakaapekto sa apat na bahagi ng paggawa ng mga palabas, makikita naman natin ang isang pangkalahatang senaryo. Mula sa mga tagagawa hanggang sa tangatanggap, ang proseso ay hindi naiiba sa mga naunang modelo ng komunikasyon na palaging may tagapagpadala, mensahe, paraan ng pagpapadala, at tagatanggap. Sa prosesong ito, palaging may mga bagay na nakakaapekto bawat bahagi.

Pamamaraan

Ang pag-aaral na ito ay ginamitan ng isang textual analysis upang malaman kung ano nga ba ang mga bagay na tungkol sa kulturang Pilipino ang matatagpuan sa script ng My Sassy Girl. Isang mahabang proseso ang pinagdaanan upang mabuo ang pag-aaral. Kinailangan munang hanapin sa internet ang script subalit dahil sa kawalan nito’y kinailangan namang mag-download ng pelikula upang mapanuod ito at maisulat ang script ng mano mano. Inabot ng tatlong araw ang pagsusulat ng script. May kabuuang tatlumpu’t isang pahina ang nagawa pagkatapos. Sinundan ang pagsusulat ng script sa paghahanap ng mga codes sa script at mula dito’y umusbong ang mga sagot na nilalayong magbigay linaw sa suliranin ng pag-aaral na ito
Resulta at pagtalakay

Ang My Sassy Girl ay halaw sa kwentong isinulat sa internet ng isang lalaking ang pangalan ay Kim-Ho Sik. Doon isinulat niya ang mga nangyari sa kanila ng kanyang katipan sa kolehiyo. Ginawa itong nobela hanggang gawin na ring pelikula. Ang kwento ay nagsimula sa pagkukrus ng landas ng bidang lalaking si Kyun Woo at ng bidang babae sa istasyon ng tren. Bago pa mawalan ng malay, tinawag na honey ng babae si Kyun Woo. Dahil sa narinig ito ng ibang mga pasahero, napilitang tulungan ni Kyun Woo ang babae at dinala sa isang motel (Leong, 2002). Dito nagsimula ang relasyon ng dalawa.

Sa script ng pelikula, maraming bagay tungkol sa kulturang Pilipino ang lumabas. Una na rito ang paggamit ng mga wikang banyaga na karamihan ay Ingles na hindi kayang isalin sa wikang Filipino. Sa pag-uusap ni Yohan (pangalan ni Kyun Woo sa wikang Filipino), makikita ang mga salitang banyaga.

BANTAY: Nakalimutan niyo mag-register. Forty thousand won lahat.

YOHAN: Ano? Forty thousand won lahat?

BANTAY: Ayaw mo? E di sa iba na lang kayo mag-check in.

Maaaring sabihin na ito ay usapin lamang ng pagiging praktikal, sapagkat mahaba nga naman kung gagamitin ang wikang Filipino sa pagsasalin ng mga salitang ito. Ngunit sa isang mas malalim na pagsipat, makikita natin ang pagkakaroon ng mababang pagtingin ng mga Pilipino sa sarili. Sadyang mayroon tayong inferiority complex kung kaya nga ba’t mas tinatangkilik natin ang mga bagay na hindi gawang Pilipino. Sa Pilipinas pa naman, mas mataas ang pagtingin sa mga taong nagsasalita ng Ingles kaysa Filipino. At kapag nangangailangan ng autoridad (authority), ginagamit ang Ingles upang makagawa ng pagitan sa ibang tao, tulad ng ginagawa ng mga propesor sa UP na nagtuturo gamit ang Filipino ngunit nagbabago paminsan-minsan sa Ingles upang paalalahanan ang mga estudyante ng kanyang posisyon (Magay, 1999)

Malinaw din na makikita sa script ang pagiging matigas na ulo ng mga Pilipino, palaging gusto na sila ang masusunod, at hindi na iniisip ang nararamdaman ng iba. Sa isang parte ng script kung saan pinipilit ng babae si Yohan na lumangoy, ay bigla na lamang itinulak ang lalaki.

BABAE: Yohan, langoy ka naman please. Gusto ko malaman kung gaano kalalim.

YOHAN: Sus, wag kang ganyan ha.

(Itutulak ng babae si Yohan)

YOHAN: Whaaaaaahhhhhhh........ Saklolo, ah, tulungan mo ako. Saklolo...

BABAE: Wow, ok ah...

YOHAN: Saklolo... saklolo hindi ako marunong lumangoy.

BABAE: Malalim nga.

Ngunit kahit na ipinakita ang katigasan ng ulo sa script, nandoon din naman ang pagiging mabait na kung minsan ay sobra pa (Lacson, 2005)

YOHAN: Kanina ka pa ba?

BABAE: Hindi naman. Sandali lang. Si mama kasi, binilhan nga ako ng sapatos ng taas taas naman ng takong. Ang sakittuloy ng paa ko.

YOHAN: Gusto mong foot massage?

BABAE: Hindi wag na, salamat. Magpalit na lang tayo ng sapatos. Bakit ayaw mo ba?

YOHAN: Paano namang masusuot ng lalaki yan?

BABAE: Kasya naman sa yo eh.

YOHAN: Hindi pwede.

BABAE: Ganun ba? (Lalakad palayo)

YOHAN: Ha, teka. Uy, wag ka umalis. Ibibili na lang kita ng sneakers kung usto mo.

BABAE: Wag na.

YOHAN: O sige ganito na lang. Isuot mo rubber shoes ko, bibitbitin ko na lang yang sapatos mo.


Ang kulturang Pilipino ay ipinakita ring high context sa pelikula. Ibig sabihin, ang mga mensahe ay hindi madaling maintindihan sapagkat ito ay nakadepende sa kulturang pinagmumulan. Sa madaling salita, hindi lantaran ang pahayag ng mga salita. Mayroong mas malalim na ibig sabihin sa mga salita. Sa pag-uusap nina Yohan at babae sa restoran, pina-order ng babae si Yohan, subalit sa huli’y ang babae rin ang umorder.

BABAE: Umorder ka na.

YOHAN: Ah sir, isang soju tsaka kimchi soup.

BABAE: Golbangji ang kainin mo.

YOHAN: E ba't hindi ikaw ang umorder?

BABAE: Ano ba, para kang bata. (Sa waiter) Golbangji please.

Masasapantahang hindi talagang layunin ng babae na pakunin ng order si Yohan sa halip ay ipamukha lamang ditto na mas tama siya sa pagkakataong yon.

Isa pang kulturang Pilipino na makikita sa script ang konsepto ng pakiramdaman. Ang pakiramdaman ay nagaganap sa pamamagitan ng pagiging sensitibo sa masalimuot na mga pahiwatig ng mga tao sa kapaligiran. Sa pagitan nina Yohan at ng babae, hindi malinaw kung ano ba talaga ang relasyon nila. Naging batayan lamang nila ang mga araw na magkasama sila subalit walang malinaw sa sitwasyon nila.

BABAE: Yohan. Pwede pong ako na lang. Yohan, asan ka na ba? Kung saan saan na kita hinanap. Yohan, diyan tayo magkita sa baba ng escalator okay? Hihintayin kita. Patay ka sa akin pag wala ka dun. Bilisan mo.

(Darating sa loob ng boooth si Yohan)

BABAE: Bakit mo ako niyakap? (Susuntukin si Yohan) Sira ka talaga ba't hindi mo iniligan?

(Sa labas ng bahay ng babae)

YOHAN: Minsan pakiramdam ko kilalang kilala ko na siya. Minsan naman hindi. Dumating na kami sa point na kailangan na naming mamimili ng tatahakin naming daan.

Ilan lamang ito sa mga bagay na makikita sa pelikula. Sa pagtutuos, ang wika ay nananatiling masalimuot sa loob ng isang kultura. Mahirap itong maunawaan kapag hindi ka kabilang sa kulturang iyon at hindi mo nararanasan ang nararanasan ng mga taong gumagamit ng isang wika. Ang wikang Filipino sa pelikulang My Sassy Girl ay naging epektibong paraan upang mailahad di lamang ang nilalaman ng kwento sa pelikula kung hindi gayundin naman ang kultura ng ating lahi.


Kongklusyon

Sa pamamagitan ng wika ay mas lalong naunawaan ng marami ang nilalaman ng pelikulang My Sassy Girl. Bagamat nalaman natin na dahil hindi maaaring maisalin ng buong buo ang orihinal na wika tungo sa wika ng isang bansa, sa kasong ito ay ang Pilipinas, kinakailangang paiklian, putulin, at kung minsa’y palitan ang mga laman ng orihinal na script. Kinailangan ding itama sa buka ng bibig ng mga gumaganap ang pagsasalin upang hindi madismaya ang mga manunuod. At dahil pandaigdigan ang usapin dito’y hindi natin maitatatwang maraming bagay ang nakaapekto sa pagsasalin. Mula pa lamang sa bansang pinagmulan nito, sa mga gumawa ng pelikula hanggang sa mga mismong nagsalin ay naipapasok ang mga ideyolohiya at paniniwala sa gawang pagsasalin. Katulad na lamang ng nangyari sa wika ng pelikula, maraming salitang balbal ang ginamit tulad ng asar, epal, boss at mga salitang banyaga na hindi maisalin sa wikang Filipino gaya ng cellphone, exam, sneakers, etc. Ngunit, nananatili sa pelikula ang tema ng pag-ibig kaya’t kahit na maraming binago dito ay napukaw pa rin ang damdamin ng mga manunuod.

Maraming bagay sa kulturang Pilipino ang naipakita. Una na nga rito ang kasalukuyang kalagayan ng mismong wika. Patuloy na nagbabago ang wika ngunit kapansin pansin na ang wikang Filipino ay naiimpluwensiyahan na ng wikang banyaga. Hindi na naman talaga ito bago ngunit habang tumatagal ay mas nagiging seryoso. Ngayon ay hindi na pinapalitan ang mga salitang nakagawian. Marahil ay wala na ring pangtumbas o kaya naman ay masyadong mahaba. Lumalabas tuloy ang pagiging inferior nating mga Pilipino.

Mababanaag din sa wika ang katigasan ng ulo ng mga Pilipino ngunit sa kabilang banda ay naroon din ang pagiging mabait na kung minsan nga ay sobra sobra pa.

Makikita rin natin sa script ang pagiging high context ng ating kultura. Sa isamg dayuhan na nasanay sa pagiging direkta, isang pagsubok ang makasalamuha ang mga Pilipino sapagkat mas binibigyan ng halaga ang ganitong uri ng kultura sa ating bansa. Ito naman ay dahil likas sa mga Pilipino ang pagiging mahiyain at takot na mawalan ng mukha sa harap ng ibang tao. Para sa mga Pilipino, mahalaga ang reputasyon kaya walang lugar sa pagkakamali. Hangga’t kayang iwasan, iiwasan.


Rekomendasyon

Sa pag-aaral na ito maraming bagay ang mas mapapagbuti kung mabibigyan ng mas mahabang panahon ang pag-aaral ng wika sa mga naisaling pelikula sa Pilipinas. Ukol sa pamamaraan ng pag-aaral, mas makabubuti kung gagamit ang mga susunod tagapagsaliksik ng mga paraan tulad ng Focus Group Discussion o ang katutubong pamamaraan ng Pagtatanong-tanong sapagkat una sa lahat ay ukol at para sa mga Pilipino naman ang pag-aaral na ito. Maaari rin naming gamitan ng Quantitative na perspektibo ang pag-aaral sapagkat maari naming gamitan ng Content Analysis ang mga script ng pelikula. Bagamat mas makabubuti kung parehong Qualitative at Quantitative ang gagamitin sa pag-aaral upang lubos na makakuha ng impormasyon.

Hinggil naman sa teoryang ginamit. Hindi pa sapat ang teorya na pag-aaral na ito sapagkat hindi nabigyan ng malalim na paliwanag ang mga bagay na nakakaapekto sa paggawa ng mga palabas mula sa ibang bansa. Oo nga’t nalaman natin na malaki ang papel ng teknolohiya sa paggawa ng mga pandaigdigang pelikula ngunit sa proseso ng pagpapakalat nito ay marahil mas marami pa ang alalahanin na dapat bigyang pansin. Gayundin naman, makabubuting bigyang puwang rin ang mga manunuod sa mga susunod na pag-aaral. Makatutulong kung malalaman natin kung paanong ang pagsasalin ay binibigyang kahulugan ng mga manunuod.


Talasanggunian:


Cabato, J. U. (2004). A partial ethnography of Asian soap opera viewers of Meteor Garden, Lavender, and Endless Love (Masteral dissertation, University of the Philippines, 2004).

Cervantes, M.F.C.V. (2006). A comparative study on the Filipino telenovela Sa Piling Mo and the koreanovela My Girl. (Undergraduate dissertation, University of the Philippines, 2006).

Forrester, C. (2005, May/June). Hot drama and convergence boost Korean broadcast market. IBE: International Broadcast Engineer, 16-18.

Koolstra, C.M., Peeters, A.L. & Spinhof, H. (2002). The pros and cons of dubbing and subtitling. European Journal of Communication, 17, 325.

Lacson, J.R. (2005). Mindsets of the Filipino: A research agenda for Filipino communicative behaviour. Unpublished document, 2005.

Leong, A.C.Y. (2002). Korean cinema: The new Hong Kong. Canada: Trafford.

Littlejohn, S.W. (2002). Theories of human communication. USA: Wadsworth.

Maggay, M.P. (1999). Understanding ambiguity in Filipino communication patterns. Quezon City: Insitute for Studies in Asian Church and Culture.

McQuail, D. and Windahl, S. (1993). Communication models for the study of mass communication. New York: Longman.

Mowlana, H. (1985). International flows of information: A global report and analysis. Paris: Unesco.

Wang, K. (2006, December 11). Move over, telenovelas: Korean dramas are next. Television Week, 25 (46), 14.

The Same Ol' Sunday

Well, what should I expect from this Sunday?

The neighbors as ever are belting it out as they sing from that stupid videoke at the middle of the day like they are the only ones living in the neighborhood. I just hate it. It would have been useful if they have been a liitle more considerate. Oh boy, now I can't study. With all these noise. It makes me so irritated and vexed. I'm so fed with all this crappiness. I hate it. I simply hate neighbors singing. I wish they would shut up the !@#$ up!

I am not usually like this. Ranting like crazy but I just can't help it. If you were in my position, I bet you would wish you can just burn that videoke machine down so you can think clearly. I simply can't focus. This is maddening.Now, I am forced to flee to a more suitable place to study. I am going to Mini Stop just a few blocks away to escape this. Maybe there I'll be able to finish my homework. As I have unsurmountable amount of homework which by the way involve statistics. If I were a genius then I won't have to burn all those neurons just to do this but nature has not been kind to me. I have to put extra effort to get through all these exercises. Yes I am not a number person and the only way to keep up with my major subject's demands is to really focus, focus and may I say focus. This is really killing me.

I've just consoled myself that only three more semesters and goodbye to all papers and reports. The bigger world is waiting for me. For the meantime, I need to go take a bath, eat a very late lunch and flee from the world of the noise-polluted house.

Thursday, September 11, 2008

Science and Technology

Science and technology for nature
This is a rough essay on science and technology so I apologize if this isn’t very substantial.

Close your eyes. Imagine a world where people live in caves, a world where the only means of transportation is through bare feet; the only way of cooking is by roasting meat on fire; the only way of communicating is by yelling; the only design of clothings is sheets of tree barks. How do you reckon would it feel to be in this kind of situation? To be in a situation where science and technology have never evolved into what we are seeing in the present.

Within centuries, human aspirations to create comfort to living has brought upon all the discoveries that we are enjoying now. In different fields, we see how human life has become simple and this we owe to the brilliance of people who never got tired of exploring all the possibilities. We have moved from a metaphysical world, believing that life is a realm influenced by unknown forces, mythical forces, into one that is what we call more scientific, more realistic. Today we know that our world isn’t the center of the universe, but part of other extra-terrestrial planets that revolves around the sun; that cancer is not caused by spirits living inside the body but by cancer-agents penetrating human cells; that elements come in simple matters that become more complex as it becomes compounded and that there is no element that would cause eternal life much to the disappointment of alchemy. Today, we have discovered so many diffeferent things that in the past are truly unconceivable.

Beyond all these however is the, borrowing from Al Gore’s term, inconvenient truth that science and technology with all the advancement they have given to us, have their downside. Needless to say is the hot like pancake issue of global warming. Yes, it might sound passe being the talk of nations for the past decades but there is that undeniable truth that we have been taking for granted the condition of nature.

We are living in the sole planet which harbors life and it is so ironic that people, especially those with power not to mention intellect, have done nothing sufficient to alleviate the current problem of this planet. It is not surprising that a time will come when this only place we are temporarily inhabiting won’t be able to support life anymore. Everywhere you go is a picture of gross negligence towards nature. Take China for example. The largest country in the world, with the largest population has been polluting the environment for the longest time. Suprisingly, China doesn’t come at the top, it only comes second to the United States which is the same country that didn’t sign the Kyoto Protocol to lessen the carbon dioxide emission in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is responsible for the global warming we are experiencing. These two countries already comprise nearly half of the pollution in the world and to think that there are hundreds of other countries, won’t that be unbearable enough? The horrors of our development.

If there is such a thing as sustainable development then it should be promoted and promulgated but in reality this is not what we get. Aside from the issue of global warming are also the issue of mass extinction due to the excessive exploitation of natural resources. Animals are fast disappearing because their homes are being claimed by big companies whose only goal is to earn. The growth of population also threatens the environment because consumption drives the capitalistic economy to produce more products and because of this, a vicious linear pattern of resource consumption happens. Take note, some resources are limited and cannot grow again. Logically, there will come a time when there won’t be left for the future generations which is really sad. The period of the dinosaurs had long passed but if this apathy and irresponsibility of people continue then it won’t be long that human civilizations would also be memories of a distant past only seen in books and museums.

How heartbreaking it is to know that despite all the advantages of science and technology is the fact that disadvantages come in hand. Sometimes it feels like disadvantage weighs more than the other. But it is not late. So long as there are genuinely good people who think of ways to change all the dreadful things in the environment then there is still a spark of hope.

Now open your eyes. See the world around. Have things become better or worse? A question which only you can answer.

I believe

l Believe(엽기적인 그녀 OST)
신승훈
I Believe 그댄 곁에 없지만
이대로 이별은 아니겠죠
I Believe 나에게 오는 길은
조금멀리 돌아올 뿐 이겠죠
모두 지나간 그 기억속에서 내가 나를 아프게하며
눈물을 만들죠
*나만큼 울지 않기를 그대만은 눈물없이
날 편하게 떠나주기를
언젠가 다시 돌아올 그대라는 걸 알기에
난 믿고 있기에
기다릴께요 난 그대여야만 하죠
I Believe 내가 아파할까봐
그대는 울지도 못했겠죠
I Believe 흐르는 내 눈물이 그댈 다시 내게 돌려주겠죠
자꾸 멈추는 내 눈길속에서
그대 모습들이 떠올라 눈물을 만들죠
* 나만큼 울지 않기를 그대만은 눈물없이
날 편하게 떠나주기를
언젠가 다시 돌아올 그대라는 걸 알기에
난 믿고 있기에
기다릴께요 난 그대여야만 하죠
나 그댈알기 전 이세상도
이렇게 눈부셨는지
그 하늘 아래서 이젠 눈물로 남겨졌지만
이자릴 난 지킬께요
그대란 이유만으로 나에게는
기다림조차 충분히 행복하겠죠
사랑한 이유만으로 또하루가 지나가고
오는길 잊어도 기다릴께요
난 그대여야만 하죠 난그대여야만 하죠

Slang

I wish I could work 24/7 but my bodu just couldn't stand it. Last night I pulled
an all-nighter to finish a paper. Yes I finished one but failed to do the other
one. I know sometimes I'm such an airhead feeling like I can do everything and
ace 'em but sometimes I am all ears to my professors as I wouldn't want to miss
anything from their class.

I bet the driver had ants in his pants when he slammed to that car. Who wouldn't?
At that kind of situation, he might be at the end of his rope. No money to pay the driver of the broken car.
I went to the library, tried to look like an average Joe.
While walking, a classmate told me of a reporting. Wanted to put it on the back burner but it's up this monday.




Monday, September 8, 2008

MOVIE | My Sassy Girl (Tagalog Script)


After an arduous task of transcribing the entire movie which took me for about three days, sacrificing too many classes, here it is, the Tagalog script of MY SASSY GIRL. To all you people out there, who would be using this, please never forget to cite my name. A little acknowledgment is all I ask. That's all. No copyright reserved. I don't own the creative idea behind the script.



Saturday, September 6, 2008

TRAVEL | Touring Manila with My Student


My Korean student learning English with me. It has been years since.


Touring the city with my little friend

Teacher duties dictate that I show my student around Manila for a more personal experience while staying in the Philippines. Of course, I am always happy to keep my students some company.

First stop: National Museum
By calesa: Intramuros
Taxi driver says add 20 I say 10: Mall of Asia

Really frustrating: Dampa sa Farmers
I was expecting that this place would be some kind of a fancy/classy resto but turns out to be a cheap canteen. I'm so disappointed.



Thursday, September 4, 2008

Reports

I just finished two reports today or should I say bombed two reports, skipped an important class too. I don't know what's the matter with me. I didn't sleep the whole night just to finish a stupid report I'm paranoid I might be charged with plagiarism though I never really intended to steal somebody else's work. I just didn't have the luxury of time to see whether I have violated some pedantic rules of using sources. I don't know what to do anymolre except sleep . I'm so spent. Today is Thursday and one more day before weekend comes.

I can't sleep again tonight because I need to finish one last major paper for this week. Failure to do so would ruiin my entire future so I better start working.

The Best Korean Song

Lyrics by G-Dragon & Perry
Produced by G-Dragon
Arranged by Brave Brothers

Lyric Credit: YG Bounce

[Verse 1]

(거짓말) 늦은 밤 비가 내려와 널 데려와 젖은 기억끝에 뒤척여 나
너 없이 잘 살 수 있다고 다짐 해봐도 어쩔수 없다고
못하는 술도 마시고 속타는 맘 밤새 채워봐도
싫어 너 없는 하루는 길어 빌어 제발 잊게 해달라고
너 없는 내겐 웃음이 보이지 않아
눈물조차 고이지 않아
더는 살고 싶지 않아
엿같애 열받게 니 생각에 돌아버릴것 같애
보고 싶은데 볼 수가 없대 모두 끝났대 I’ll be right there

[Hook]
I’m so sorry girl I love you, I just can’t lie
Oh I was so wrong, I can’t live without’cha
(Please listen to me!)
I’m so sorry girl I love you now I realize
Shoulda never let’cha go away - cuz now my life don’t seem right
I’m so sorry girl I love you, I just can’t lie
I’m so sorry… girl I love you…
I’m so sorry girl I love you now I see my…
thinkin’ was all a big mistake, it makes me cry to this day


[Verse 2]
그댈 위 해서 불러왔던 내 모든 걸 다 바친 노래 (사람들은 모르겠죠)
난 혼자 그 아무도 몰래 그래 내가 했던 말은 거짓말
홀로 남겨진 외톨이 그 속에 헤메는 내 꼴이
주머니 속에 꼬깃 꼬깃 접어둔 이별을 향한 쯕지
(넌 어딨나요 널 부르는 습관도)
난 달라질래 이젠 다 웃어 넘길게

[Hook]

[Bridge]
Tell me it’s all in my head
I try with every single beat of my heart
No matter what my mind recalls
I see your face ‘n I know, that’chu will always be there
Just wanna know how ya doin’ these days
Didn’t mean, to cause you any pain
I’m so deeply sorry

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